The legalese of is a part of the Edward Ringwald Web Sites Network. As such, your use of the website is governed by the website terms and conditions, of which you can read here. In addition, there are additional website policies and disclaimers for which are explained below.

MOST IMPORTANTLY is a private noncommercial website owned and operated by Edward Ringwald and is not affiliated with the Florida Department of Transportation or any other federal, state or local government agency or any transportation related organization.

And for the rest of the legalese

All text and photos on are copyrighted by Edward Ringwald unless otherwise noted. All rights reserved in the United States of America and throughout the world. All material, including but not limited to, text, photography, and programming code (except for the programming code generated by the CoffeeCup HTML Editor software), are protected by United States copyright law as codified in Title 17 of the United States Code. Unless otherwise indicated, these are the property of Edward Ringwald and may not be used without the prior written permission of Edward Ringwald.

The name and/or likeness of Edward Ringwald is protected by various laws pertaining to the rights of publicity and privacy. Any unauthorized use of the name and/or likeness of Edward Ringwald for commercial, marketing and/or fraudulent purposes, including any form of telemarketing to solicit goods and/or services, is prohibited and any unauthorized use will subject the offender to civil legal action. This also includes the use of these names where any form of endorsement or sponsorship is implied.

The use of any image from for the purpose of selling items of any kind on eBay is strictly prohibited. Violators will be reported to eBay and the listing may be ended at eBay's discretion. Edward Ringwald is an eBay member and will cooperate in any investigation conducted by eBay.

There are hyperlinks in most of the web pages that will take you to sites outside of and are here for your convenience. Edward Ringwald, the owner and webmaster of this website, has no control over the content of the web sites the external hyperlink takes you to. Questions and/or comments about these sites should be directed to the webmaster of the sites involved. The inclusion of any external link from does not imply endorsement.

Where mentioned, my web pages are not the official sites of the entities involved. You are welcome to visit the linked web site for more information regarding the subject the web page covers. Most importantly, is not affiliated with the Florida DOT or any federal, state and/or local government agency as mentioned earlier.

Attention Facebook Users!

Image theft will not be tolerated at!

I would like to remind those of you that have a presence on Facebook that the use of any image from on your Facebook profile or page is prohibited. This includes not only copying and reposting the image but also hotlinking to the image including hotlinking the image as a background image.

For your protection, all images are watermarked with a copyright notice to deter unauthorized use. In addition, all right clicking here at as well as throughout the Edward Ringwald Web Sites Network is disabled to help deter unauthorized hotlinking and use.

Anyone found using an image from or any website within the Edward Ringwald Web Sites Network will be reported, which may include removal of the image at the discretion of Facebook. Be advised that I cooperate with Facebook in regard to copyright infringement. Learn more about Facebook's Community Standards and Statement of Rights and Responsiblities (scroll down to #5, Protecting Other People's Rights). NOTE: Facebook links will open in their own window.

Moreover, users are reminded that the images on as well as the websites of the Edward Ringwald Web Sites Network are copyrighted and that unauthorized use constitutes copyright infringement. There are civil as well as criminal penalties for copyright infringement. You may also want to read my discussion about copyright, which I have as a topic over at

Please, enjoy viewing the Interstate 275 pictures as well as the other pictures here at but please be respectful of my intellectual property rights. Privacy Policy

As is a part of the Edward Ringwald Web Sites Network, the Privacy Policy applicable to all websites within the Edward Ringwald Web Sites Network applies here, which you can read on the Edward Ringwald Web Sites Portal (scroll down to the Privacy Policy section). You can also read a summary of our privacy policy below. is a website designed for all ages. Pursuant to the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act here is a notice of our privacy practices:

Except for information collected in our Contact Us page no personally identifiable information is collected from visitors to our web site. However, in our Contact Us page there are fields provided for your name and email address. Providing your name and email address to us on our Contact Us page is completely optional; however, it is requested if in the event you desire a response from us. Names and email addresses provided on our Contact Us page will only be used for the sole purpose of replying to you and will be held in the strictest form of confidence. Moreover, names and email addresses submitted on our Contact Us page will never be rented nor sold to a third party. Besides, collecting information such as an email address then aggregating and selling it to a third party is not good business practice.

Additionally, if you make a donation to keep operating your email address is collected by PayPal so that your donation is processed and is handled in accordance with their privacy policy.

If you have any questions regarding our privacy policy feel free to use our Contact Us page.

Acknowledgments: Giving Credit Where Credit is Due!

Most of the information presented here at was acquired from my personal knowledge of Interstate 275 in the St. Petersburg area, especially during my younger years as the highway was being constructed through St. Petersburg. Information for the year of constructed was acquired from my field identification of the inscription on the beginning of each overpass bridge.

In addition, information was either supplemented or clarified by other sources, as follows:

Kris Carson, Florida DOT District 7 (Howard Frankland Bridge original opening)

Justin Cozart, (Howard Frankland Bridge original opening and I-275 segment from Bearss Avenue to Interstate 4)

Robert Droz, (supplemental I-275 construction background information)

Also a special thanks to David Kendrick for the Interstate 275 shield as well as the other interstate shields generated at his Shields Up! site, used in previous versions of